Definitions (this is not an exhaustive list)
Ally: a term used to describe someone who is actively supportive of LGBTQ people.
Androgyny: a gender expression that has elements of both masculinity and femininity
Asexual: the lack of sexual attraction or desire for other people
Assigned Gender: a decision made at birth (or before birth) about the gender of an infant based on visible genitalia
Bisexual: a person emotionally, romantically, or sexually attracted to more than one sex, gender, or gender identity though not necessarily simultaneously, in the same way or to the same degree
Butch: a person usually female-identified, who identifies themselves as having masculine gender characteristics and/or appearance, whether it be physically, mentally, or emotionally. Most frequently claimed as an affirmative identity label among lesbian women, and gender non-conforming people designated female at birth
Cisgender: a term used to describe a person whose gender identity aligns with those typically associated with the sex assigned to them at birth
Cissexism: The cultural, institutional and individual beliefs and practices that assume being cisgender is the only natural, normal and acceptable gender identity. Belief that transgender identities are inferior to, or less authentic than, cisgender identities.
Coming Out: the process in which a person first acknowledges, accepts, and appreciates their sexual orientation or gender identity and begins to share that with others
Discrimination: When prejudiced feelings or beliefs move into the realm of behavior, and people are denied equality of treatment. Can be conscious and deliberate or it can be unconscious and unintentional.
Drag: The theatrical act of dressing in gendered clothing and/or adopting gendered behaviors as part of a performance (usually clothing and behaviors not typically associated with your own gender identity. Can be done for entertainment, as parody or to make a political statement. Does not indicate performer’s sexual orientation or gender identity
FAAB or AFAB: Abbreviation for “female assigned at birth” or “assigned female at birth.”
Gay: a person who is emotionally, romantically or sexually attracted to members of the same gender
Gender: a socially constructed identity centering around notions of “masculinity,” “femininity,” and “androgyny,” which includes aspects of identity and expression
Gender dysphoria: clinically significant distress caused when a person’s assigned birth gender is not the same as the one with which they identify
Gender-expansive: a person with a wider, more flexible range of gender identity and/or expression than typically associated with the binary gender system. Often used as an umbrella term when referring to young people still exploring the possibilities of their gender expression and/or gender identity
Gender expression: External appearance of one’s gender identity, usually expressed through behavior, clothing, haircut, or voice, and which may or may not conform to socially defined behaviors and characteristics typically associated with being either masculine or feminine
Gender-fluid: a person who does not identify with a single fixed gender or has a fluid or unfixed gender identity
Gender identity: one’s innermost concept of self as male, female, a blend of both or neither-how individuals perceive themselves and what they call themselves. One’s gender identity can be the same or different from their sex assigned at birth
Gender non-conforming: a broad term referring to people who do not behave in a way that conforms to the traditional expectations of their gender, or who gender expression does not fit neatly into a category
Genderqueer: Genderqueer people typically reject notions of static categories of gender and embrace a fluidity of gender identity and often, though not always, sexual orientation. People who identify as "genderqueer" may see themselves as being both male and female, neither male nor female or as falling completely outside these categories.
Gender transition: A process some transgender people undergo to match their gender identity more closely with their outward appearance. This can include changing clothes, names or pronouns to fit their gender identity. It may also include healthcare needs such as hormones or surgeries.
Heterosexism: The cultural, institutional and individual beliefs and practices that assume heterosexuality is the only natural, normal and acceptable sexual orientation. Belief that LGBQ identities are inferior to, or less authentic than, heterosexual identities.
Homophobia: Negative attitudes and feelings, ranging from aversion to hatred, toward people who identify as or are perceived to be LGBQ. Can be present in institutions such as religion, the education system and the law, and also internally in individuals that may or may not identify within the LGBTQQIAP community.
Intersex: Intersex people are born with a variety of differences in their sex traits and reproductive anatomy. There is a wide variety of difference among intersex variations, including differences in genitalia, chromosomes, gonads, internal sex organs, hormone production, hormone response, and/or secondary sex traits.
Lesbian: a woman who is emotionally, romantically, or sexually attracted to other women. Women and non-binary people may use this term to describe themselves
LGBTQ: an acronym for “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer”
MAAB or AMAB: Abbreviation for “male assigned at birth” or “assigned male at birth.”
Non-binary: An adjective describing a person who does not identify exclusively as a man or a woman. Non-binary people may identify as being both a man and a woman, somewhere in between, or as falling completely outside these categories. While many also identify as transgender, not all non-binary people do. Non-binary can also be used as an umbrella term encompassing identities such as agender, bigender, genderqueer or gender-fluid.
Oppression: The systematic subjugation of a group of people by another group with access to social power, the result of which benefits one group over the other and is maintained by social beliefs and practices.
Outing: Exposing someone’s lesbian, gay, bisexual transgender or gender non-binary identity to others without their permission. Outing someone can have serious repercussions on employment, economic stability, personal safety or religious or family situations.
Pansexual: Describes someone who has the potential for emotional, romantic or sexual attraction to people of any gender though not necessarily simultaneously, in the same way or to the same degree
Passing: being perceived by others as the gender you are aiming to present as. Usually used to describe if a trans person is able to live convincingly and publicly as the gender they identify as
Prejudice: To hold an adverse opinion or belief without just ground before acquiring specific knowledge; often against people or groups of people who are perceived as being “different” or having “different values.”
Privilege: A “system of advantage” that gives people from more powerful social groups access to resources and opportunities that are denied to others (and usually gained at their expense) simply because of the groups they belong to (Goodman, 2001; Johnson, 2001; Wildman & Davis, 1996, 2000).
Queer: A term people often use to express a spectrum of identities and orientations that are counter to the mainstream. Queer is often used as a catch-all to include many people, including those who do not identify as exclusively straight and/or folks who have non-binary or genderexpansive identities. This term was previously used as a slur, but has been reclaimed by many parts of the LGBTQ movement
Questioning: a term used to describe people who are in the process of exploring their sexual orientation or gender identity
Same-gender loving: a term some prefer to use instead of lesbian, gay, or bisexual to express attraction to and love of people of the same gender
Sex Affirmation Surgery (commonly referred to as sex reassignment surgery or gender confirmation surgery): Surgeries to change the sex characteristics of one’s body, including genitals and/or secondary sex characteristics. Often misunderstood as being a single surgery that makes all body modifications, but the reality is that there is no “one” surgery or procedure
Sex assigned at birth: the sex (male or female) given to a child at birth, most often based on the child’s external anatomy
Sexual orientation: an inherent or immutable enduring emotional, romantic, or sexual attraction to other people. Sexual orientation is independent of their gender identity
Sexism: The cultural, institutional and individual beliefs and practices that privilege men and/or masculinity, subordinate women and/or femininity, and denigrate values and practices associated with women.
Transgender: An umbrella term for people whose gender identity and/or expression is different from cultural expectations based on the sex they were assigned at birth. Being transgender does not imply any specific sexual orientation. Therefore, transgender people may identify as straight, gay, lesbian, bisexual, etc.
Transphobia: Negative attitudes and feelings, ranging from aversion to hatred, toward people who identify as or are perceived to be trans. Can be present in institutions such as religion, the education system and the law, and also internally in individuals that may or may not identify within the trans community.
Trans Man: a person who has transitioned their identity from woman to man, and sometimes their body from female to male
Trans Woman: a person who has transitioned their identity from man to woman, and sometimes their body from male to female
Ze/Hir: Gender-neutral pronouns. Can be used similarly to she/her, he/him, or they/them